Description of goat breed. Goat La Mancha: photo
Goats have been bred by people for thousands of years. Like cows, these animals have two directions of productivity - meat and dairy. Also contained in the farms are universal breeds. From them you can get a lot of not only meat, but milk. These include an unusual goat - a manatee.
History of the La Mancha breed
The goat was introduced at the beginning of the pastcentury in the United States, in Oregon. The breeding biologist F. Frei conducted breeding work. Parental varieties for this goat were short-haired Spanish (imported in the US in the 30s), Nubian, Swiss and some others. The breed was registered in the winter of 1958. The name "La Mancha" was obtained from the name of the province of Spain, from which her ancestors were brought.
Bred animals of this breed in such countries,As the USA, Poland, Spain, Turkey, Iran, Latvia. Contain them and many Russian farmers. In our country, the La Mancha is distributed mainly in the Urals and in Kabardino-Balkaria. Also these goats are bred in Rostov and some other areas.
Unusual Goat Lamanche: a description of the breed
Color in these highly productive animals canbe any. The shade of wool by standards is not regulated in any way. Goats are white, black, spotted, brown, etc. The goats of the manicure can be bred as horned representatives of this breed, as well as horned ones.
Lamancha - a goat is very unusual. To confuse it with any other breed is simply impossible. The main distinguishing feature of its exterior is very short ears. At first glance at the animal, an uninitiated person may even think that they are not at the goat at all. Due to the small size of the ears, these animals look remarkably cute and touching.
The main characteristics of the breed, among other things, include:
- strong constitution;
- wedge shape of the trunk;
- straight or slightly convex profile;
- strong strong limbs;
- very well developed udder;
- smooth short silky coat.
Goat ears: features
There are only two species of this breed:
- gopher ear (ground squirrel, or corrugated);
- elf ear.
In terms of productivity and care technologythese two species are absolutely no different. Ears gopher ear in goats are not larger than 2.5 cm. In doing so, they are absolutely devoid of cartilage. But elf ear is slightly longer - up to 5 cm. The cartilage is present in them, but very small. Too long ears in both species, according to standards, are considered a defect.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the La Mancha breed include, first and foremost:
- undemanding to the conditions of detention;
- absence of an unpleasant "goat" smell;
- ability to lactify for 2 years without binding;
- multiplicity and vitality of young animals.
Ламанча - a goat (the description was given by us above), which for one okot can bring 3-4 cubs. This breed is also valuable for very tasty milk, which does not have a specific smell.
The disadvantages of goats include:
- Roman nose;
- the difficulty of caring for small ears.
Farmers who breed this goat breed constantlyit is necessary to ensure that the ears of animals do not get dirt and water. In addition, because of this unusual feature, the goat is very difficult to label. After all, putting a tag on her small ears is simply impossible. These animals are usually labeled by tattooing on the hairless part of the tail.
Characteristics of character
Lamancha - the goat is very friendly and obedient. With representatives of any other species of agricultural and domestic animals, this breed gets along very well at the farmstead. To the conditions of the content this breed is absolutely undemanding. Her character, unlike many other breeds, is very calm and not hard-headed. Lamancha quickly becomes attached to her masters and loves very much when they take care of her.
Productivity of the breed
Dimensions of meat and milk goats do not havetoo large. Males can reach a height at the withers of 75-95 cm. Goats grow to 71-75 cm. The weight of an adult male is 60-70 kg. Some individuals reach 100 kg. Females weigh 55-65 kg.
High milk production is also what distinguishes a goat. The yield from one individual per day can be 4-5 liters. Sometimes this figure rises to 8 or even 9 liters.
The taste qualities of the milk of these goats, as alreadymentioned, is just excellent. Its fat content on average is 4%. In any case, the goat's milk is considered much more useful than cow's milk. Cattle on pastures feed on only fifty kinds of grasses. La Mancha can eat five hundred. Therefore, all sorts of vitamins and minerals in her milk contain much more.
Features of the content
Lamenca - a goat is very unpretentious. This is the absolute plus of the breed. However, to provide these animals with decent living conditions, of course, it is necessary. A shed for goats should be built dry, fairly spacious and light. If they are supposed to be planted for sale, it is necessary to arrange the premises for the matings inside and to separate the place for the producers.
Must be developed for animalsbalanced diet. In the summer, these goats, like any others, are driven out to pastures. In addition to green fodder, animals should receive concentrated and juicy. Goats should be given crushed, bran, root vegetables.
In winter, animals are fed mainly with concentrates,hay and straw. In addition, for the goats harvested brooms. You can feed them bundles connected to bundles, for example, of trees such as willow or karagach. Birch whisks are not recommended. Such food in large quantities can lead to kidney disease.
Goat breed: farmers feedback
Praise the owners of the farmsteads of these animals beforeall for very good milk. It is sweet, saturated and dense. In terms of taste, many compare it to the milk of Nubian goats. According to many owners of household plots, the manatee is the quietest breed of all grown on farmsteads. She does not notice any serious shortcomings. The only thing, many recommend the mouths of these goats apart from other breeds. Because their character is very calm, the more nimble fellow tribesmen sometimes offend them.
Well, we hope, we are sufficiently detailedtold about what a goat-type manga breed is. The description, the photos presented on the page, all this makes it possible to judge it as one of the most problem-free and productive for today. Provide your ward with proper care, and they will certainly thank you for good milk yields and large weight gain.