How to grow oyster mushrooms?
Watch the video
Ever since the days of our ancestors, people engaged in gathering and boricling. Then came the gardens. And nowadays most plants, trees and berries are cultivated. And even mushrooms can now be grown at home. Especially popular are the oyster mushrooms. How to grow oyster mushrooms, we will explain in this article. We hope that our advice will be useful to you in this simple matter.
It is worth noting that this type of mushroom is useful. They contain about 6.5% of proteins, over 20% of carbohydrates and about 3.5% of fats. Also, these mushrooms help to remove from the human body radionuclides and toxins. They are not calories, but nevertheless contain many trace elements and amino acids. Another positive feature is that, unlike champignons, oyster mushrooms give a good harvest. Here the most important thing is to know how to grow oyster mushrooms.
How to grow oyster mushrooms?
You need to have a small non-residential premises. For this perfect basement. Before planting you need to prepare the substrate.For this suitable husk sunflower or straw. If you take a straw, you need it to be fresh, without mold. If your choice fell on the sunflower husk, it should be remembered that it should not be fatty impurities and seeds. You will also need thick bags of polyethylene measuring 40x85 centimeters. Well, without the oyster mushroom mycelium, we also can not do.
Mycelium can be bought ready, or grow it yourself. How to grow oyster mushroom mycelium? It is grown on wheat or millet. One bag requires approximately 300 grams of mycelium. Before planting, it is advised to keep it in a cool place or in a refrigerator. You can also use a growth stimulator. This will help to significantly increase the yield.
To do everything right, you can watch the video "how to grow oyster mushrooms". It is necessary to fill the polypropylene bag with the substrate, add growth stimulant to it and immerse the bag in warm water. The temperature should be about 70C. After two hours, you need to remove the bag and allow it to drain. It will take from eight to twelve hours.
The very same landing of the mycelium is carried out in a clean place. Dishes should be thoroughly washed.It can also be pre-disinfected (vodka or alcohol will do). Then knead the mycelium to the grains, fill the bag with the substrate first, then pour it with the mycelium and so on until the bag is filled to the top. Then you need to carefully tie the package and leave for a day. Then it is required to make small cuts, about five centimeters in size. There will grow fruit.
Mycelium is left in an unlit room for about twenty days at a temperature of +16 C. When you see the rudiments, you need to transfer the packages to a more lighted place, to ensure high humidity (70-90%) and air exchange. Here's how to grow oyster mushrooms.
Collect them as they grow. As soon as the cap reaches 4-8 centimeters in diameter, they can be cut off (or better be broken off). The block with the cut mushrooms do not need to be cleaned immediately. Harvest from it you will collect about three months.
To grow oyster mushrooms at home in small quantities can be in glass jars. The principle of cultivation is the same as in the previous case. Substrate, oyster mushroom mycelium and several glass jars will be required.
Oyster mushrooms are grown on the stumps of deciduous trees.In a few years, the fungus will completely destroy the stump and free the soil. Stump can be installed in your garden. They put it just as he grew up in the forest, and fall asleep in a dark place with high humidity. Then they drill small holes in the tree, and when they are sufficiently wet, they are covered with mycelium. In a few months, the first mushrooms will appear there. At first, there will not be as many of them as we would like, but every year the harvest will increase, and in the future it will be possible to get from 2 to 8 kilograms of mushrooms from the stump.
In any case, you will be confident in the quality of grown mushrooms, and accordingly, you will not be afraid for your health. Grown independently mushrooms will always be healthier and more natural than those in the store.