How to play the harmonica?
The harmonica is at first glance a simple and simple instrument, which hides a whole culture, a deep and mysterious world of music, fascinating melodies, rhythm and tone, once having become acquainted with which it is impossible to remain indifferent. Light and compact means of expressing the creative "I", the harmonic can become a faithful companion, support the lyrical mood, or defiantly play along in moments of general fun. A musician who knows how to play the harmonica will easily become entrenched in the image of the soul of the company and the original creator.
So, are you ready to get to know this multi-faceted tool? Let's get started
To begin with, let us clarify for yourself that the harmonica is a reed wind instrument, inside of which there are copper plates set in motion by the air stream that the musician creates. One of the most interesting aspects of playing the harmonica is a double pick-up - it “sings” both with the inhale and with the exhale of the musician.So, on expiration through a certain hole we get a note “before”, but we extract the sound corresponding to the note “re” only on an inhale - and this rule applies to all notes and all openings of the mouthpiece.
Like any other wind instrument, a mouth organ starts with a mouthpiece, but, unlike most of its fellows, its mouthpiece is multichannel — along the opening for each tongue. Top and bottom plates-tabs are covered with metal lids, which together with the protective perform the resonator function.
Ases: how to play the harmonica
Learning to play the harmonica - mastering the ability to hold it correctly. Experts recommend holding the instrument in your left hand, slightly obliquely (to comfortably reach the first, second and third holes), freely, not too squeezing, and if possible keeping the right angle between the harmonica and the face. During the game, it is important to get used to moving the harmonica, not the head - first you should practice in front of the mirror. It is often possible to notice that the virtuosos use other positions, neglecting these rules - but so far we are far from them, we will try to rely on these recommendations and our own feelings of comfort.
For a beginner, the extraction of pure solitary sound will be the first significant test.These are the basics, without which further study is impossible, and no matter how much time I had to spend on getting such a sound, it does not matter, this stage must be completed completely. It is not so easy to get sound from a separate opening of a harmonica; the principle of the whistle will not work here. Usually, at the first “meeting” with an accordion, the whole consonance is extracted, oddly enough, (which will also come in handy over time), and not the required separate sound. Here the following thing interferes: the novice is trying to blow into a separate hole, folding his lips with a straw, while in fact you need to clasp the harmonica with your lips and cover all the holes except the one you need with your tongue. To understand what kind of sound you should get at the output - try to blow into the selected hole, firmly holding the fingers adjacent to it. Sooner or later you will have the right single sound, having achieved the extraction of which you can move on. At this stage, you can play a major scale by alternately extracting sound from each hole, or even play a simple melody using special tablature.
One of the most important aspects of playing the harmonica is proper breathing.By placing the harmonica as deep as possible in your mouth, you will be able to work out the correct technique of deep diaphragmatic breathing, eliminating the actions of the lips and mouth muscles. The strength and timbre of the sound directly depend on this skill - it is important to remember that not only the exhalation is involved in playing the harmonica, but also the inhalation. It is recommended to be engaged in standing, with a straight back and a slightly raised head - in this position the optimum air circulation is achieved.
Important in the development of this musical instrument is also articulation, carried out using the language. For a clearer, more perceptible perception of notes in complex, fast-moving exhalation, it is necessary to constantly make repeated movements with the tongue, without touching the sky (as when pronouncing the syllable “ta”) - so the notes become softer. When inhaling, a similar movement is repeated, only the tongue touches the teeth (as when pronouncing the syllable “yes”) - after watching the work of professional musicians, you yourself notice this feature. Of course, you can choose your articulation syllables, as many musicians do.
Another feature that is worth familiarizing with when learning to play the harmonica is the so-called band, a specific technique that helps to change the strength of the extracted note. It is used usually to extract notes that are absent in the diatonic scale, as well as to obtain special sound effects resembling voice - howl, crying, scream. Using special tables, you can find out what sound a particular band serves to extract - but this should be started only by thoroughly understanding the basic sound production.
Throat vibrato - a set of techniques that causes the maximum interest of beginners, and, alas, is inaccessible to them. Be patient! You can begin to master these techniques, only honing all the previously listed techniques, the study of which will take from three to six months. This technique involves the throat muscles, the training of which will be difficult at first, but the result is worth it.
So, the harmonica how to learn to play - we tried to give a short answer to this question, then everything depends on your determination, perseverance and aiming at the result.