How to privatize a dacha: step-by-step instructions, documents and recommendations
For many citizens of our country, the land plotis a favorite place where you can spend your time with pleasure. Therefore, people are interested in how to privatize a dacha. It is necessary to go through a simple procedure to become a full owner of your property. After that, you can conduct various transactions with him.
Thanks to privatization, you can sell, donateexchange dacha, as well as bequeath to inheritance. Thanks to the registration in the property owners are protected from fraud. The non-privatized lot does not have such advantages. Privatization guarantees the safety of land and buildings.
Although the procedure is rather troublesome, butThis is worth it. Without the cadastral registration, the land will not be sold. You can not buy a dacha only with the renewal of the membership card to the new owner. The book is a document, but not the main one.
It will not be possible to sell the plot if itsthe owner in the register is the previous owner. This is a rather complex issue requiring a decision to establish the right to property through the court. The sale of the privatized dacha is carried out with the help of a notary and does not cause complications. If the ownership was granted before 2006, the old certificate for the new sample should first be replaced.
Norms of law
According to the law of the Russian Federation,pass each participant in the villa association. But you need to take into account that the very fact of participation in such a union of rights to possession does not provide. It is necessary to pass the state registration so that the property is taken over.
Is it possible to privatize a dacha if it is longtime was not in possession? Specialists recommend starting this procedure as early as possible. This will not lose its real estate and land. But if a long period of not registering a property, fraudsters can use it.
Is it necessary to privatize the dacha? If the unformed land is not used by the landlord for 3 years, the municipality can return it. Therefore, we need to figure out how to privatize the dacha.
On changes to legislation (March 2015)The procedure for privatization of land began to be carried out in a simplified form. It is convenient for public authorities and future owners. The procedure is carried out in accordance with the "dacha amnesty".
Now it is not necessary to conduct land surveying, although this was previously mandatory. Therefore, if the property is not yet registered, it is necessary to register it by law.
Who has the right?
All individuals who do not own property are entitled to privatization of real estate. Registration of municipal property can be legal entities, whose assets are less than 25%.
Register in the property you canalmost every immovable object. But this can not be done with emergency shelter, dormitory, office space, other property specified in the legislation.
Where are the privatized dachas? This is the responsibility of the district administration. A message is sent to the self-government body, if there is no information from the cadastral passport. In such an appeal, you need to make a plan with the necessary information.
During registration you will have to face:
- Federal Registration Service.
- Bureau of inventory.
- The Tax Inspectorate.
- The Land Committee.
- Geodesic service.
How much does it cost to privatize the dacha? Usually the procedure costs about 8 thousand rubles, including the amount includes payment of state duties, processing of documentation.
How to privatize a dacha? To the procedure was free, you need to join a summer cottage cooperative. Usually for this you should buy a land plot for the construction of a villa. Then you need to take possession and management of property. The owner becomes a member of the cooperative automatically. This is confirmed by the membership book.
After this, it is necessary to draw up the boundaries of the land. This document is certified by the head of the board of the community. It contains:
- description of the object;
- cadastral numbers of adjacent sites.
How to privatize a dacha to fulfill all thethe end? It is important to make a statement. To do this, contact the Department of Land and Property Relations. They will provide an application form, which must be filled out.
To privatize a house in the country or the site itself, the following documents are needed:
- description of the boundaries of the site;
- property rights;
- confirmation of the location of the site in the state territory;
- check on payment of state duty.
The decision to transfer the site to the property is made 2 weeks after the application is submitted.
The following actions
After this, it is necessary to apply to Rosreestr toput the property on the register. To make a plan of the earth, you need to invite an engineer. After the procedure is completed, a cadastral passport is provided.
If you had to apply for registration rightsuntil 2006, and in support of this there is a document, then there is no need to re-apply to local authorities. The old document automatically becomes operational without the participation of the owner.
When asked whether the dacha should be privatized,unequivocally answer - yes. After receiving the necessary documents for the property, the owner becomes a full owner of the real estate and land. He has the right to dispose of it at his discretion. Real estate can be donated, sold, transferred as inheritance.
Decoration of country house
How to privatize a dacha, if the owner isthe owner of the land? Check out the house is even easier compared to the site. Since there is a dacha amnesty, it is not necessary to make a permit for exploitation and a technical passport.
You can register:
Canopies and sheds can not be issued, as theybelong to temporary buildings. In order to register the country houses, you need a certificate for the plot, a declaration. The last document has an established form, which must be filled.
The declaration states:
- type of construction;
- information about the site;
- number of floors;
How to issue a privatized cottage? The completed declaration should be referred to the Rosreestr or the MFC. It is necessary to pay the state duty, write a statement. After 10 days you can get a certificate.
If there are no documents
If there are no necessary documents for the site, then more time is needed for registration. Then you need to contact the administration where the cottage is located. It is necessary to provide:
- home purchase;
- description of boundaries;
- statement of approval boundaries.
The application is considered a month. If the decision is positive, a draft boundary is provided. With this document, you must contact the same authority to write an application for the purchase of a property in the property. In the end, you need to contact Rosregistratsiya for registration cadastral passport and collect documents.
The process will last 1 month. After that, the applicant is issued documents confirming the receipt of ownership of the site. Then the applicant will be its owner.
Cottage for sale
After registration of ownership of the siteThe owner can dispose of it at its discretion. He can perform various real estate transactions. This applies to country ownership - estates, gardens, orchards. All this can be given, made out in the inheritance, to sell.
If the dacha was owned for more than 3 years, thenthen operations are not subject to income tax. Regarding the owners who owned the site for less than 3 years, the sales tax will be equal to 13%. For foreigners, the amount will be 30%.
The tax is paid by the seller, his buyerdo not need to make. If the dacha is registered as a gift, then the tax is paid by the new owner. To avoid overpayments, the contract should indicate the cost to the country. Then, in the future, it will not be necessary to estimate it by cadastral value.
You do not need to visit to pay income tax.tax inspection. If the seller did not file a declaration on time, then a penalty of 5% of the amount will be imposed. In some registers, retirees are granted tax benefits. If there is no such advantage, then you will have to contribute on a general basis. Tax deduction is granted after the recognition of the dacha residential building.
Making a deal is similar to renting outapartments. The difference is that there may be additional conditions for maintenance and upkeep. First, it is desirable to insure your property against various factors. This will protect against various troubles.
You must enter into a formal lease agreement,specifying there the obligations of the parties, the cost, rental period and other conditions. It is necessary to carry out an inventory of the property and attach it to the contract. It records the current state of the property.
Before renting it is necessary to performrepair, troubleshoot. Improvements will increase the interest of tenants. To search for tenants, you can use the Internet, print media, real estate agencies. It is necessary to take at least a partial prepayment.
Most documents have a limited duration.actions, and in fact not all have time to collect the necessary papers for a short period. Because of this, you can lose time, and then have to perform the procedure again. It is important to plan a schedule in order to have time to do everything.
The privatization period is from 2 to 12 months. If you do not have time to do everything, you will have to do it all over again. In order to successfully pass the privatization, you can contact professional lawyers who will advise and carry out the examination, gather the necessary documents. Then you will not have to independently attend various instances, stand in lines.
A cottage will not be owned if its onlyreissue the chairman of the company. If the funds are paid, but the property is not executed in Rosreestr, then the former owner should be found, having demanded from him a power of attorney for registration. Observing simple rules, you can quickly and competently arrange property.