Is Newcastle viral disease dangerous for humans?
Newcastle disease is viralhighly contagious disease of birds belonging to the order of chicken (pigeons, chickens, pheasants, turkeys). It is characterized by the defeat of the central and peripheral nervous system, intestine, lungs. Mortality of diseased birds is high. There was a virus of Newcastle disease in the distant 1926 on the island of Java. By 1970, it had spread everywhere and caused periodic outbreaks in birds.
Consider the disease from the inside
Maybe Newcastle disease is dangerous for humans too? In order to understand this, you need to understand the epidemiology and pathogenesis of the disease.
The causative agent of Newcastle disease is the virusAvian paramyxovirus, which is preserved in the bodies of birds up to 5 months. Disinfectants kill the pathogen in 20-30 minutes, direct sunlight - for 5-10 minutes. The virus is released when exhaled by birds, with feces and pulmonary mucus. The diseased bird is contagious within 14 days of the onset of the epidemic. Sources of spread of the disease are also:
- uninfected poultry products;
- working inventory;
- shoes serving poultry staff;
- wild birds, dogs, rats, flies, etc.
Symptoms of the disease
How to recognize Newcastle disease? For a person who never even encounters birds, it's not difficult. There are four forms of the disease, but all stages have similar symptoms:
- complete apathy of the bird to what is happening around it;
- a breathing disorder (dyspnea, sneezing, coughing);
- paralysis of legs and wings;
- feces of green color with an admixture of mucus and blood.
Newcastle disease in humans occurs in the form of uncomplicated influenza or conjunctivitis with inflammation of the lymph nodes and mild fever.
Why do people suffer?
There are several reasons for the incidence of the disease: systematic non-compliance with personal hygiene and the ingress of virus into the body when inhaled contaminated air. It is enough to rub your eyes with unwashed hands to pick up Newcastle disease. For a person with weakened immunity, the best way is to be hospitalized in a medical institution, since the ailment can give complications.
We are treated for pseudohemia
A person should be treated for this infectionsymptomatically. If the disease manifested by conjunctivitis, then you need to see an ophthalmologist who will conduct a diagnostic examination and prescribe the necessary drops. With cold symptoms, antiviral and antipyretic drugs are prescribed, and drugs for treating throat or cough are also used. In young children, the disease can lead to brain damage, so they are immediately hospitalized regardless of their health status. In a hospital, children are under the supervision of doctors for 5-6 days from the onset of the disease.
Newcastle disease for man though lessIt is dangerous, but still requires preventive measures. In order not to get sick, you need to wash your hands and face after visiting the house, and also treat antiviral drugs with mucous membranes of the nose and mouth. It is advisable to protect yourself and children from contact with a sick bird and call a veterinarian.