Petropavlovsk Park, Yaroslavl: reviews, photos
Going on a trip to the Golden RingRussia and think that you can see in Yaroslavl? And maybe you have lived in this city for a long time and are looking for new routes for hiking? Petropavlovsky Park (Yaroslavl) - one of the most famous places in the city in the past, which has a rich three-hundred-year history. Why it is worth a visit, read below.
History of the park
Petropavlovsk park (Yaroslavl), how to get towhich will be indicated below, is one of the oldest not only in the city, but in all of Russia. But few residents of Yaroslavl know about this and are interested in its history. And after all, some moments of the existence of the park could be an excellent story for an artistic or documentary film. But first things first.
Petropavlovsk park (the city of Yaroslavl) has its ownhistory from the 1720s-1730s. It was at this time, by the decree of Tsar Peter I, the merchant Ivan Zatrapeznov, who learned the so-called linen business in Holland, the Yaroslavl Great Manufactory was created. It was the largest combined factory in Russia, including three complexes: a paper mill at the mouth of the Kavardakovsky brook, a textile one at its sources, where there was also a residential one, which is a manor house.
During the construction of the manufactory it was decidedmake a cascade of ponds along the stream for the operation of water and windmills. There were five ponds: "dirty" for washing and rinsing linen, "clean", which served as a source of water, two ponds for catching fish to the gentlemen's table and the last, the fifth pond, was the most picturesque, was right next to the owner's mansion of the factory and was even used for bathing gentlemen - in it were made male and female falconry.
Construction of the park
A little later was built a luxurious regulara park. The basis was taken images of favorite by Peter I Dutch gardens in the Baroque style, in order to pleasantly amaze the royal people. The history of the Peter and Paul Park in Yaroslavl shows that this idea was a success - it was a favorite place for many high-ranking people.
The garden included two squares of tracks that wereare inscribed into each other. In the middle there was a pavilion, eight tracks ran from it in the form of beams in different directions. As decorations of the park at the intersection of the paths were trellises of trimmed shrubs, fountains and statues. A windmill was used to inject water into the fountains.
Interesting Facts:Petropavlovsk Park (Yaroslavl) was often compared to the Summer Garden in St. Petersburg, and the gazebo in its middle was called the "Hermitage". Catherine II herself elected him his temporary residence and arranged receptions here.
The Peter and Paul Church
The main element of the park was the church,built a little later. Construction was conducted from 1736 to 1742 years. The architecture of the temple was made in the style of the Petrine Baroque. As a basis, the image of the Peter and Paul Cathedral in the northern capital was taken, due to which the similarity with St. Petersburg became even striking.
Church in the Peter and Paul Park (Yaroslavl) -The only monument of architecture "Petrovsky Baroque" in this city. It is not known who invented her project, but the temple is very beautiful: a high spire, an elongated upper part of the building, white and blue tones, rich decor ... Inside there is a winter church - it is on the first floor, and the summer one on the second floor.
The main volume of the temple is harmoniously inscribeda multi-tiered bell tower, thanks to which the height of the church is seventy meters. The temple for a long time served as a spiritual center for people living and working in Krasnoperekopsky district and its environs.
Petropavlovsk park in the 19th century
In the second half of the 19th century, the YaroslavlManufacture with all its constituent complexes was purchased by the landlords Karzinkin and Igumnov. The old buildings of the factory are disassembled by stones and bricks, which are then used for the construction of new buildings.
Over time, the Peter and Paul Park (Yaroslavl),photo of which you see below, began to acquire for the most part landscape features and lose regular layout. Near the temple was built two-story building of the almshouse, where old workers of the factory could find shelter.
Park in the 20 th century - the loss of its former greatness
At the very beginning of the century the garden was used by her familynew owner, A. F. Gryaznov, as a dacha, and only owners or their guests could rest there. Workers could come here only once a year - on the day when they celebrated the Bright Easter.
In 1918 the Yaroslavl Great Manufactorywas subjected to nationalization. Later, in 1929, and the Peter and Paul Church was closed, and in its building the club of pioneers was located. When the temple was closed, his rector Mikhail Nevsky, a well-known priest in the city, was brutally murdered.
During the USSR, the Peter and Paul Park (Yaroslavl)was renamed the "Culture and Recreation Park named after the 16th Congress" and became public. The authorities tried to restore the park ensemble to a regular regular lay-out, but their plans did not completely restore its original historical appearance.
From 1986 to 1991, a project was developedrestoration of the complex, in the discussion of which well-known experts from the fields of art, garden and park economy and the re-traumatization business participated. Among them was Dmitry Sergeevich Likhachev, Academician, Doctor of Philology and world-famous art critic. The restoration project was ready and approved, but, unfortunately, because of the economic and political changes that began at that time, it was never realized in real life.
Urban legends about the temple
There are many legends known to the inhabitantsYaroslavl, associated with the existence of the church in Peter and Paul Park. Firstly, they say that the frescoes inside the church were preserved only because when the revolution was given a decree to cover the murals in all the churches with oil paints, in this place they simply were not found. Therefore, they were simply covered with whitewash, which later helped to restore them with ease.
There are also sources who claim thatonce the frescoes distinctly emerged through whitewashing. It lasted no more than forty minutes, then the walls again became white. From the scientific point of view, this phenomenon is explained by a sharp drop in temperature and humidity. But believers saw in this event a divine sign.
In addition, there is a legend that the already mentioned IvanZatraznov, the founder of the temple, died before the completion of its construction and was buried in a merchant's tomb, which was located in a winter temple. Later, the slab from his grave was lost, and there are versions that she, along with the icons drowned after the revolution, is at the bottom of one of the ponds.
And one more story, which many believeparishioners of the temple. This is the legend of the "bloody spot". It is said that inside the temple, between the floors, there is a red spot that did not work out in any way - it only increased in size. There is an opinion that it was at this place that the last abbot of the church, Mikhail Nevsky, was killed. In memory of him, the red spot keeps burning candles all the time.
Peter and Paul Park now
In our time, buildings continue their workManufacture, now it is a factory of technical fabrics under the name "Red Perekop". The whole territory, where once the industrial complex was located, is in desolation. Looking at what's left, it's hard to believe that once here was the largest manufactory in Russia producing cloth, paper and jacquard. The former factory building is now under reconstruction.
The temple came to us not at all in its original form. There are no two-march stairs outside, leading to balconies on the second floor, there is no cupola that crowned the eastern part of the roof. But remained the greatness and unshakable spirit of this building, a unique architecture that has no analogues in the city.
Petropavlovsk Park (Yaroslavl) is now locatedin a strong desolation, but has not lost its charm. The authorities promise to soon return the ensemble, if not a primordial, then at least quite a decent appearance. But even now this place attracts tourists from different cities and even countries with its unique atmosphere of an ancient cultural monument.
Peter and Paul Park (Yaroslavl): how to get there or get there?
Few residents of Yaroslavl, and even more so tourists fromother cities know where this place is located. In fact, as they say, amazing next. You will not have much difficulty getting to a place like Peter and Paul Park (Yaroslavl). His address is as follows: Krasnoperekopsky District, Zelentsovskaya Street, 25.
You can reach it by bus number 3,either on foot, through the Vspolinskoe field, then go over the bridge and go through Komsomolskaya Square. Then you need to navigate the steeple of the Peter and Paul Church, which is visible from the square. From Komsomolskaya Square to the park, walk for about ten minutes.
The park operates from Monday to Sunday from eight in the morning until five in the evening. Sometimes the work schedule can change.
Petropavlovsky Park (Yaroslavl): reviews of those who were here
As they say, there are no comrades for taste and color. So here, there can be no unequivocal assessment. Petropavlovsk Park (Yaroslavl) reviews of visitors receives contradictory. Someone is inspired by abandoned trails and dilapidated buildings, someone is horrified by the surrounding picture. But all the guests agree that visiting this place to create your own impression is definitely worth it. So, the advantages that travelers noted:
- The energy of the three-century ancient park ensemble is very inspiring, walking around the park, you can immerse yourself in your thoughts and relax.
- Beautiful, almost untouched by man, Russian nature, beautiful at any time of the year.
- Similarity with St. Petersburg - can be traced even now, when the restoration of the park is urgently needed.
- You can walk with children - they like to feed ducks in ponds.
- The church is a unique architectural monument of the eighteenth century, it will be interesting to anyone to look at it both from inside and outside.
There are also negative aspects, which were noticed by visitors of the park:
- In some places it is very dirty, scattered garbage, which no one is going to export.
- From its former greatness there remains only a miserable part.
- Destroyed houses lead to longing and create an unfavorable impression.
The tourists who left the reviews hope that soon Peter and Paul Park will be restored and will become the most beloved among the residents and guests of the city for evening hiking and recreation.
Petropavlovsk park is a unique place withthe richest history and incredible atmosphere. Every traveler who decides to visit Yaroslavl will benefit from seeing this complex and recharging with energy, personally seeing the church - an object of numerous legends and a spiritual refuge of Yaroslavl Christians. It's very easy to touch history - it's enough just to come here for a walk.