Tigridia: growing and caring for the flowers of the Aztecs
Tigridia, cultivation and care of which in Europepracticed since the late eighteenth century, was imported from Mexico. Aztec tribes believed that it helps to prevent stomach pain and fever. The plant, which can boast the presence of 25 varieties, is the representative of the family of iris. The bulb of tigridia with a diameter of up to 30 millimeters, as a rule, consists of open flakes in the amount from 2 to 6. An interesting feature of the vegetation of this flower is that at its final stage many new ones are formed from the old corms. Their number depends on the number of flakes. Flowers tigridii bloom one after another, in turn. The middle part of each of them has a cup-like shape and is covered with a set of points of crimson color. A particularly spectacular decorative look gives the flower three huge petals. Among other things, stamens and pistils are distinguished by an openwork design. There are individual varieties of plants in which a tigrid flower in size reaches fifteen centimeters, while petals are colored yellow, red or pink. In most cases, from one corms grow to 5 shoots with the same number of buds. The height of the geniculate stalk in this plant varies between 35 and 65 cm.
Preparation of a site for planting
Since Trigidium is considered thermophilicculture, a place for planting should be chosen well illuminated by the sun. It is very important to choose the right soil for a plant such as tigridia, growing and caring for which is carried out on the plot. The soil must be loose, slightly alkaline and light. Before planting, it must be supplemented with a humus or compost supplement. Otherwise, the plant will grow very poorly.
Planting and care
Now you can start planting cormstigridia. Cultivation and care of this plant begins only after the completion of all spring frosts. If the young shoots fall under their influence, then they may die, so the ideal time is considered the second half of May. Corms should be planted at a distance of about 20 cm from one another in a depth of 10 cm. The process of initial development of this plant is very fast - in half a month sprouts will appear on the surface. With regard to watering, the tigridia, cultivation and care of which is carried out on its own site, loves a moderate amount of water. Do not forget about the need to fertilize the plant, which should be produced during the first months of summer. Perform it every several weeks, alternating with mineral complex fertilizers with organic. As practice shows, tigridia looks very nice together with coniferous plants or ornamental bushes, and also against the background of lawn grass.
Preparation for winter
Corms plants need to dig upthe onset of the first frosts, in other words - until the first half of October. After that, the ground part is cut off, and the remaining part is dried for a month. Next, until the next landing, they must be stored in a dark, dry and cool place.