Voronovo - a homestead in the suburbs
Manor Voronovo (Podolsky district) isone of the oldest and most famous in the suburbs. It has a very interesting history full of dramatic events, and today it welcomes its doors to those who decided to rest and improve their health in the LRC of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation.
The history of the manor from the foundation to the 19th century
Barskiy Dvor in the place of modern Voronovoexisted even before the Time of Troubles and the Polish invasion. It belonged to Voron-Volynsky, who were the direct descendants of one of the heroes of the Kulikovo battle - the famous Prince Bobrok. During the reign of Anna Ioannovna, the owner of the estate, Artemy Petrovich Volynsky, married to his cousin Peter the Great, took part in the conspiracy against Biron, therefore he was executed. As a result, the estate was confiscated in favor of the treasury, but after the accession of Elizabeth Petrovna, the daughter of the former owner, who by that time was married to Count Ivan Vorontsov, was returned to him.
The new owner of the Voronovo manor has done a lot forthat it turned into one of the most comfortable and beautiful corners of the Moscow region. In general, representatives of this kind entered the history of Russia as the founders of new traditions of Russian barbaric life.
Construction of the palace
The Vorontsov brothers invited from the capital famousarchitect Carl Blanc, who designed and built for them a three-story manor house with majestic pillars, portico and outbuildings. As a result, a real palace turned out, which caused admiration and envy among contemporaries. In 1775, there, even with great splendor, Catherine II was received, in memory of what the two twin obelisks were installed in the estate.
Manor at Count Rostopchin
The waste of the Vorontsov brothers led tothe fact that they had to sell their favorite estate for a huge amount of money for those times - 320 thousand rubles. Thus, the Voronovo estate near Moscow began to belong to Count Fedor Rostopchin. This favorite of Pavel the First has lived there almost eight years there, during which he spent huge sums for arrangement of greenhouses, a garden and a horse yard.
As a result, according to the testimony of contemporaries,Voronovo became the main ornament of the Podolsky district, where they went to see the eccentricity of the count, who planted Mediterranean plants and built a flying ship. This device, remotely resembling a balloon, Rostopchin intended to use in the war with Napoleon, whom he hated and considered Antichrist. However, the ship was never able to get into the air, and all the funds for its construction were wasted.
Arson and recovery
When the French occupied Moscow, Rostopchin, whowas at that time in the position of the Moscow military governor, burned his own estate with his own hands and left a message to the invaders. In it, he wrote that he himself destroyed his own home, so that it was not contaminated by the presence of a hated enemy. Such an act in the spirit of the heroes of antiquity made a strong impression on contemporaries, as well as the unexpected transition to Catholicism of the wife of the Count - Catherine Petrovna.
Rostopchin spent the last years of his life firstborder, and then - in Moscow, and almost did not appear in Voronovo, where he settled his son and daughter-in-law. They built on the foundation of the old palace a two-storeyed manor house, which was no different from other noble nests of his time.
Voronovo at Sheremetyevoy
In the middle of the 19th century the estate had newowners. They were Alexander and Sergey Sheremetyev, who bought Voronovo. The estate in this period began to resemble the country dwellings of the French rich bourgeois. In particular, the dormer roof was built over the house, the southern wing was dismantled, the gallery was expanded, and an arcade with a balcony was added to the frontage.
In the last decade before the revolution, the estatecame to desolation, as its owners: the daughter of the Sheremetyevs and her husband - only occasionally visited Voronovo. The estate was nationalized with the coming to power of the Bolsheviks, and in 1949 they founded a sanatorium there. In connection with this, the manor house was rebuilt, and a medical building with rooms and other structures appeared on the territory. In the post-Soviet period the Voronovo estate was transferred to the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, and a modern medical and preventive center was established there. It is equipped with the most modern equipment, and there are all conditions for recreation for adults and children.
Description of the estate
To visit Voronovo, you should go tosettlement Voronovskoe, which is part of the Trinity Administrative District of the capital. On the estate today only the following buildings are preserved:
- Beautiful manor house, which is a building in which architectural styles of different periods of the 19th century are combined;
- a picturesque Dutch house with decorative vases, white stone details and figured pediments, built by Carl Blanc in the style of the Petrine era;
- the corner tower is the only building preserved from the magnificent horse yard, founded under Count Rostopchin, which burned down in the fire of 1812.
Also on the territory of the estate you can see soThe Dutch pond with a small comfortable beach and the Church of the Savior Not Made by Hands. This church was built in 1762 by the owners of the estate and consecrated in a year with the blessing of the then Metropolitan Timothy. Three decades later, Vorontsov's spouses were buried in it, but to this day their tombstones have not survived. A little later, at a distance, a baroque bell tower was built, which together with the Dutch house is considered a symbol of the manor.
Like any old manor, Voronovo hasits secret. So, they say that after the fire arranged by Rostopchin, not a single marble statue was found on the ashes, although there were many of them in the manor house and in the garden. It is for certain that the Moscow Governor-General has not evacuated any valuables from there. These facts allowed to assume that under the house or nearby there should be a dungeon, where during the occupation the treasures of the Rostopchiny family were hidden. Whether it really exists or not, is not known for certain, but the old-timers say that during the construction of the sanatorium in the late 1940s an underground labyrinth was discovered.
Voronovsky sanatorium: description
As already mentioned, today in Voronovooperates a modern medical and prophylactic institution, owned by the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia. In the Soviet period, it was called the sanatorium "Voronovo" and was considered one of the most prestigious places for rest and treatment in the Moscow region. Its numbered rooms consist of comfortable rooms of categories "standard" (double and single), "junior suite" and "suite", housed in a building in the style of Soviet modernism, built in the 1970s.
The pride of the sanatorium is its modern andan excellently equipped medical center, where doctors with extensive experience and excellent professional training work. According to experts, natural factors play an important role, as well as the friendly attitude of the staff to each patient.
In the sanatorium you can take a course of the following procedures:
- turpentine, carbonic, iodine-bromine, pearl, coniferous and sea baths;
- circular, fan and bischofite showers, underwater shower-massage and Charcot's shower;
- electrosleep, UHF-therapy, electrophoresis, amplipulse therapy, phonophoresis, diadynamic therapy, darsonvalization, aerosol therapy, EHF-therapy, magnetotherapy and laser therapy;
- mud therapy, which is shown in diseases of the respiratory organs, urogenital organs, musculoskeletal system, skin ailments, ENT diseases, as well as in disorders of the nervous system;
- therapeutic gymnastics, the program of which is selected according to the recommendations of the attending physician;
- Speleotherapy, which allows to achieve a sharpimprove the condition of patients with pollinosis, chronic pneumonia, allergic rhinosinusitis, chronic bronchitis, as well as hypertensive disease of 1 or 2 stage;
- phytotherapy with the use of therapeutic cocktails;
- daily monitoring of blood pressure and Holter monitoring of ECG;
- inhalation of various types;
- drug therapy;
- spa capsule;
During its existence near MoscowThe Voronovo estate was the place where the horses were raised. And today there is a horse club, where the training of riding adults and children is conducted. As you know, such exercises have a very beneficial effect on the state of the human body. The doctors developed even a special treatment program for children, patients with cerebral palsy - hippotherapy, with which you can achieve excellent results. Such therapy can be done at the MEDC Ministry of Economic Development, so this sanatorium is a great place to relax with children who have certain health problems.
Voronovsky sanatorium: entertainment
In the LRC of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, every vacationercan find for himself a suitable option for organizing leisure. In particular, the Voronovo sanatorium offers its guests to visit the swimming pool, sports and gymnasium, spend time playing tennis, as well as use the services of a massage room, library and sauna. In addition, for the guests regularly organized thematic evenings, cultural and sporting and excursion programs.
Manor Voronovo: reviews
Almost all who have already rested in the LRCMinistry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, leave there with the best impressions. First of all, in the reviews of beautiful nature and architecture, as well as landscaping of the sanatorium, on which the ideal order and cleanliness is maintained. Among other things, vacationers have the opportunity to see all the sights with which Voronovo is rich.
The estate was always famous for its rich vegetation,and today in its territory you can see trees that are not one hundred years old. Holidaymakers, as a rule, very much like the kitchen of the sanatorium, and the level of service, according to which the LRC of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation is in no way inferior to foreign spa hotels. Especially happy are those who lived in the historical building of Voronovo. The manor, according to their testimonies, has preserved the indescribable charm of antiquity, the spirit of which is felt in everything. As for medical services, the guests of the sanatorium note its high quality, as well as the professionalism of medical personnel.
Voronovo Manor: how to get there
Prior to the LRC of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation,on public, and on own motor transport. In the first case, you need to get to the metro station "Teply Stan", change to bus number 508 or to minibus number 162 and drive to the stop "Voronovo". If you prefer to go there on your car, then you should set off on the Kaluga Highway (about 35 km along the Moscow Ring Road) to the village of the same name, then turn right and drive to the sanatorium of the Ministry of Economic Development.
Now you know where it is and what you aretoday represents the Voronovo estate. The history of this corner of the Moscow region is very interesting and connected with the names of many outstanding representatives of the Russian nobility. Unfortunately, today the free access of visitors to the grounds of the estate is closed, but you can visit there if you purchase permits to the sanatorium of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation.